BASIS OF PRESENTATION
|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2014
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|BASIS OF PRESENTATION
NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Salem Communications Corporation (“Salem,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “company”) includes the company and all wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
Information with respect to the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2014 is unaudited. The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the company. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the full year. For further information, refer to the Consolidated Financial Statements and footnotes thereto included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2013 included in this report has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP.
Description of Business
Salem is a diversified multi-media company with integrated business operations covering radio broadcasting, content programming, the Internet and publishing. Our programming is intended for audiences interested in Christian and family-themed content and conservative news talk.
Our foundational business is the ownership and operation of radio stations in large metropolitan markets. Upon the close of all announced transactions, we will own and/or operate 104 radio stations throughout the United States. Our broadcasting business also includes Salem Radio Network® (“SRN”), SRN News Network (“SNN”), Salem Music Network (“SMN”), Solid Gospel Network (“SGN”), Salem Media Representatives (“SMR”) and Vista Media Representatives (“VMR”). SRN, SNN, SMN and SGN are networks that produce and distribute programming, such as talk, news and music segments to radio stations throughout the United States, including Salem owned and operated stations. SMR and VMR sell commercial airtime to national advertisers on radio stations and networks that we own, as well as on independent radio station affiliates.
Internet and e-commerce has been a significant area of growth for Salem and continues to be a prime focus for our future development. Salem Web Network™ (“SWN”) and our other Internet businesses provide Christian and conservative-themed content, audio and video streaming, and other resources digitally through the web. SWN’s Internet portals include Christian content websites: OnePlace.com, Christianity.com, Crosswalk.com®, GodVine.com, Jesus.org and BibleStudyTools.com. Our conservative opinion websites include Townhall.com™ and HotAir.com. Townhall.com also operates Twitchy.com and as of January 10, 2014, HumanEvents.com and RedState.com. All of our digital content is accessible through our radio station websites that also promote local content of interest to our audiences throughout the United States.
Our Internet and e-commerce segment also operates church product websites including WorshipHouseMedia.com, SermonSpice.com and ChurchStaffing.com. We offer books, DVD’s and editorial content developed by our on-air personalities through the Salem Consumer Products website. As of January 10, 2014, our Internet and e-commerce segment includes e-book sales through Regnery Publishing; Eagle Financial Publications distribution of digitally delivered newsletters featuring market analysis and investment advice; and Eagle Wellness, offering complementary health advice as well as nutritional products.
Our acquisition of Regnery Publishing on January 10, 2014, represents a major shift in our publishing segment. Regnery Publishing is a publisher of conservative books that was founded in 1947. Regnery has published dozens of bestselling books by leading conservative authors and personalities, including Ann Coulter, Newt Gingrich, Michelle Malkin, David Limbaugh, Ed Klein, Laura Ingraham, Mark Steyn and Dinesh D’Souza. Our publishing segment also includes Salem Publishing™, a producer and distributor of Christian and conservative opinion print magazines and Xulon Press™, a print-on-demand self-publishing service for Christian authors.
Variable Interest Entities
We account for entities qualifying as variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810, Consolidation which requires VIEs to be consolidated by the primary beneficiary. The primary beneficiary is the entity that holds the majority of the beneficial interests in the VIE. A VIE is an entity for which the primary beneficiary’s interest in the entity can change with changes in factors other than the amount of investment in the entity.
We may enter into Local Marketing Agreements (“LMAs”) contemporaneously with entering an Asset Purchase Agreement (“APA”) to acquire or sell a radio station. We may also enter into Time Brokerage Agreements (“TBAs”). Typically, both LMAs and TBAs are contractual agreements under which the station owner / licensee makes airtime available to a programmer/licensee in exchange for a fee and reimbursement of certain expenses. LMAs and TBAs are subject to compliance with the antitrust laws and the communications laws, including the requirement that the licensee must maintain independent control over the station and, in particular, its personnel, programming, and finances. The FCC has held that such agreements do not violate the communications laws as long as the licensee of the station receiving programming from another station maintains ultimate responsibility for, and control over, station operations and otherwise ensures compliance with the communications laws.
The requirements of FASB ASC Topic 810 may apply to entities under LMAs or TBAs, depending on the facts and circumstances related to each transaction. As of June 30, 2014 we did not consolidate any entities with which we entered into LMA’s or TBA’s under the guidance in FASB ASC Topic 810.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant areas for which management uses estimates include: (1) asset impairments, including broadcasting licenses, goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets; (2) income tax valuation allowances; (3) uncertain tax positions; (4) allowance for doubtful accounts; (5) inventory reserves; (6) reserves for royalty advances; (7) self-insurance reserves; (8) fair value of equity awards; (9) estimated lives for tangible and intangible assets; (10) fair value measurements; (11) contingency reserves; (12) probabilities associated with the potential for contingent earn-out consideration; and (13) sales returns and allowances. These estimates require the use of judgment as future events and the effect of these events cannot be predicted with certainty. The estimates will change as new events occur, as more experience is acquired and as more information is obtained. We evaluate and update our assumptions and estimates on an ongoing basis and we may consult outside experts to assist as considered necessary.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform to the current year presentation.