Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes


We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for future tax consequences attributable to differences between our consolidated financial statement carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. We measure these deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to apply in the years in which these temporary differences are expected to reverse. We recognize the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities resulting from a change in tax rates in income in the period that includes the date of the change. On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Act”) was signed into law making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include, but are not limited to, a corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. We calculated the impact of the Act in our year ending December 31, 2018 income tax provision in accordance with our understanding of the Act and guidance available as of the date of our Form 10-K filing.

At December 31, 2018, we had net operating loss carryforwards for federal income tax purposes of approximately $148.1 million that expire in 2021 through 2038 and for state income tax purposes of approximately $783.8 million that expire in years 2019 through 2038. For financial reporting purposes at December 31, 2018, we had a valuation allowance of $5.4 million, net of federal benefit, to offset the deferred tax assets related to the state net operating loss carryforwards. Our evaluation was performed for tax years that remain subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions, which range from 2014 through 2017. As a result of our adjusted cumulative three-year pre-tax book loss as of September 30, 2019, we performed an assessment of positive and negative evidence with respect to the realization of our net deferred tax assets. This assessment included the evaluation of scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, the availability of carryforwards and estimates of projected future taxable income. Based on this assessment, we concluded that additional deferred tax assets of $5.4 million are not more likely than not to be realized. As such, an additional valuation allowance of $5.4 million for a total valuation allowance of $10.8 million, is recorded for the period ended September 30, 2019.

The amortization of our indefinite-lived intangible assets for tax purposes, but not for book purposes, creates deferred tax liabilities. A reversal of deferred tax liabilities may occur when indefinite-lived intangibles: (1) become impaired; or (2) are sold, which would typically only occur in connection with the sale of the assets of a station or groups of stations or the entire company in a taxable transaction. Due to the amortization for tax purposes and not book purposes of our indefinite-lived intangible assets, we expect to continue to generate deferred tax liabilities in future periods exclusive of any impairment losses in future periods. These deferred tax liabilities and net operating loss carryforwards result in differences between our provision for income tax and cash paid for taxes.

Valuation Allowance (Deferred Taxes)

For financial reporting purposes a valuation allowance of $10.8 million offsets deferred tax assets at September 30, 2019. We regularly review our financial forecasts to determine our ability to utilize the net operating loss carryforwards for tax purposes. Accordingly, the valuation allowance is adjusted periodically based on our estimate of the benefit the company will receive from such carryforwards.