Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2023
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for future tax consequences attributable to differences between our consolidated financial statement carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. We measure these deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to apply in the years in which these temporary differences are expected to reverse. We recognize the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities resulting from a change in tax rates in income in the period that includes the date of the change.
At December 31, 2022, we had net operating loss carryforwards for federal income tax purposes of approximately $95.1 million that expire in years 2024 through 2037 and for state income tax purposes of approximately $633.9 million that expire in years 2023 through 2042. As a result of our adjusted cumulative three-year
book loss as of December 31, 2020, we performed an assessment of positive and negative evidence with respect to the realization of our net deferred tax assets. This assessment included the evaluation of scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, the availability of carryforwards and estimates of projected future taxable income. The economic uncertainty from the
pandemic provided additional negative evidence that outweighed positive evidence which resulted in recognition of a valuation allowance for 2020 on federal and state net operating loss carry forwards. The valuation allowance related to the federal and state net operating loss carry forwards was $39.1 million and $40.0 million as of December 31, 2021 and 2022, respectively. As the economy continues to come out of the
shelter orders, we continue to monitor our budget; however, at this time we have determined it is more likely than not that a reasonable forecast beyond the current year does not provide enough evidence to measure the realization of December 31, 2022 and June 30, 2023 deferred tax assets.
During the interim period ended June 30, 2023, we computed the income tax provision using the estimated effective annual rate applicable for the full year. We updated our forecast to project taxable income for the 2023 calendar year. In accordance with the guidance under FASB ASC Topic
we measured the estimated utilization of the operating loss carryforwards and the release of the valuation allowance for both federal and state jurisdictions.
The amortization of our indefinite-lived intangible assets for tax purposes, but not for book purposes, creates deferred tax liabilities. A reversal of deferred tax liabilities may occur when indefinite-lived intangibles: (1) become impaired; or (2) are sold, which would typically only occur in connection with the sale of the assets of a station or groups of stations or the entire company in a taxable transaction. Due to the amortization for tax purposes and not for book purposes of our indefinite-lived intangible assets, we expect to continue to generate deferred tax liabilities in future periods exclusive of any impairment losses in future periods. These deferred tax liabilities and net operating loss carryforwards result in differences between our provision for income tax and cash paid for taxes.
We review and reevaluate uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. Changes in assumptions may result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an additional charge to the tax provision.